The Future Tense of the Verb TO BE

The independent form of the future tense of the verb to be is Bidh (or Bithidh for more emphatic usage) and the dependent  is Bi (or Bith for more emphatic usage). As with the present and past tenses (lessonbl.gif (1632 bytes)one.gif (974 bytes)and lessonbl.gif (1632 bytes)two.gif (1009 bytes)) these are used with the dependent particles Cha, Am and Nach to provide the four forms of the verb :
Bidh - for positive statements
Bidh e fuar - It will be cold
Bidh tu fuar - You will be cold
Cha bhi - for negative statements *
Cha bhi e fuar - It will not be cold
Am bi? - for asking a question (interrogative)
Am bi e fuar? - Will it be cold?
Nach bi? - for  a negative question (negative interrogative)
Nach bi e fuar? - Will it not be cold?

* Note that Cha always lenites the following word if possible, thus Cha bhi
The second person singular becomes tu after the regular future tense ending -idh. This rule is often broken when using the short form of the verb To Be, so Bidh thu is often found

Saying Yes and No
The pattern is the same for the present and past tenses. You need to use the positive or negative forms of the verb in the future tense :
Am bi thu a' dol dhan chčilidh?  - Will you be going to the ceilidh? Bidh - Yes Cha bhi - No

Repeated Present and Continuous Future Tenses

The Future Tense of the verb To Be with a present participle conveys either a continuous future action or a repeated present action. The meaning is understood from the context :
Bidh mi ag čisteachd ris an rčidio feasgar - I will be listening to the radio in the evening
Bidh mi ag čisteachd ris an rčidio feasgar - I (usually) listen to the radio in the evening
Bidh mi ag čirigh aig seachd uairean - I will be getting up at seven o'clock
Bidh mi ag čirigh aig seachd uairean - I (habitually) get up at seven o'clock

NEW WORDS

Adjectives
gach - each

Nouns
Lŕ na Sŕbaid (m) - The Sabbath meadhan (m) - middle, mid
meadhan-lŕ (m) - mid-day meadhan-oidhche (m) - midnight

Pronouns
thusa - emphatic form of thu -you

Verbs
čirich, čirigh - arise, get up čist, čisteachd (ri) - listen (to)

EXERCISE 1 Translate into English
1.Bidh mi a' dol dhan chčilidh. Am bi thusa? 2.Cha bhi an ců a' fuireach anns an taigh
3.Nach bi iad a' seinn anns a' bhaile? Bidh 4.Am bi thu ag obair anns a' bhůth? Cha bhi
5.Bidh sinn a' dol a dh'iasgach air an loch 6.Cha bhi an gille a' dol dhan eaglais Lŕ na Sŕbaid

EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gŕidhlig
1.I go to bed (to the bed) at midnight 2.I shall be staying at home on Sunday
3.We shall be buying that house 4.Do you go to the park every evening? Yes
5.He will not be playing at the ceilidh 6.Will they not be staying until the morning?

ANSWERS EXERCISE 1
1.I'll be going to the ceilidh. Will you? 2.The dog won't be staying in the house
3.Won't they be singing in (the) town? Yes 4.Will you be working in the shop? No
5.We'll be going fishing on the loch 6.The boy won't be going to church on Sunday

ANSWERS EXERCISE 2
1.Bidh mi a' dol dhan leabaidh aig meadhan-oidhche 2.Bidh mi a' fuireach aig an taigh Lŕ na Sŕbaid
3.Bidh sinn a' ceannach an taigh sin 4.Am bi sibh a' dol dhan phŕirc gach feasgar? Bidh
5.Cha bhi e a' cluich aig a' chčilidh 6.Nach bi iad a' fuireach gus a' mhadainn?

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