Cardinal Numbers From 30 Upwards

See for cardinal numbers 1- 30

1. Without a noun

a. Traditional :
30 a deich air fhichead 60 tr fichead 90 ceithir fichead 's a deich
31 a h-aon deug air fhichead 61 tr fichead 's a h-aon 91 ceithir fichead 's a h-aon deug
32 a dh dheug air fhichead 62 tr fichead 's a dh 92 ceithir fichead 's a dh dheug
33 a tr deug air fhichead 63 tr fichead 's a tr 93 ceithir fichead 's a tr deug
  &c   &c   &c
40 d fhichead 70 tr fichead 's a deich 100 ceud
41 d fhichead 's a h-aon 71 tr fichead 's a h-aon deug 200 d cheud
42 d fhichead 's a dh 72 tr fichead 's a dh dheug 300 tr cheud ‡ †
43 d fhichead 's a tr 73 tr fichead 's a tr deug 400 ceithir cheud
  &c   &c 500 cig ceud
50 d fhichead 's a deich
or
lethcheud
80 ceithir fichead   &c
51 d fhichead 's a h-aon deug
or
lethcheud 's a h-aon
81 ceithir fichead 's a h-aon
1,000 mle
52 d fhichead 's a dh dheug
or
lethcheud 's a dh
82 ceithir fichead 's a dh
2,000 d mhle
53 d fhichead 's a tr deug
or
lethcheud 's a tr
83 ceithir fichead 's a tr
3,000 tr mle
  &c   &c
&c
       
1,000,000 millean
       
2,000,000 d mhillean
       
3,000,000 tr millean
       
&c

‡ ceud is lenited after d, tr and ceithir
† fichead
, ceud, mle and millean remain singular after other numerals

b. Decimal :
30 trithead 60 seasgad 90 naochad
31 trithead 's a h-aon 61 seasgad 's a h-aon 91 naochad 's a h-aon
32 trithead 's a dh 62 seasgad 's a dh 92 naochad 's a dh
33 trithead 's a tr 63 seasgad 's a tr 93 naochad 's a tr
  &c   &c   &c
40 ceathrad 70 seachdad 100 ceud
41 ceathrad 's a h-aon 71 seachdad 's a h-aon 200 d cheud
42 ceathrad 's a dh 72 seachdad 's a dh 300 tr cheud
43 ceathrad 's a tr 73 seachdad 's a tr 400 ceithir cheud
  &c   &c 500 cig ceud
50 caogad 80 ochdad   &c
51 caogad 's a h-aon 81 ochdad 's a h-aon
1,000 mle
52 caogad 's a dh 82 ochdad 's a dh
2,000 d mhle
53 caogad 's a tr 83 ochdad 's a tr
3,000 tr mle
  &c   &c
&c
       
1,000,000 millean
       
2,000,000 d mhillean
       
3,000,000 tr millean
       
&c


1. With a noun

Examples are given for both masculine [cat,  pl. cait (m) - cat ] and feminine [cearc, pl. cearcan (f) - hen ] nouns

a. Traditional :
30 deich cait fichead
deich cearcan fichead
60 tr fichead cat
tr fichead cearc
90 ceithir fichead cat 's a deich
ceithir fichead cearc 's a deich
31 aon chat deug air fhichead
aon chearc deug air fhichead
61 tr fichead cat 's a h-aon
tr fichead cearc 's a h-aon
91 ceithir fichead cat 's a h-aon deug
ceithir fichead cearc 's a h-aon  deug
32 d chat dheug air fhichead
d chirc dheug air fhichead
62 tr fichead cat 's a dh
tr fichead cearc 's a dh
92 ceithir fichead cat 's a dh dheug
ceithir fichead cearc 's a dh dheug
33 tr cait dheug air fhichead
tr cearcan deug air fhichead
63 tr fichead cat 's a tr
tr fichead cearc 's a tr
93 ceithir fichead cat 's a tr deug
ceithir fichead cearc 's a tr deug
  &c   &c   &c
40 d fhichead cat
d fhichead cearc
70 tr fichead cat 's a deich
tr fichead cearc 's a deich
100 ceud cat
ceud cearc
41 d fhichead cat 's a h-aon
d fhichead cearc 's a h-aon
71 tr fichead cat 's a h-aon  deug
tr fichead cearc 's a h-aon  deug
200 d cheud cat
d cheud cearc
42 d fhichead cat 's a dh
d fhichead cearc 's a dh
72 tr fichead cat 's a dh dheug
tr fichead cearc 's a dh dheug
300 tr cheud cat
tr cheud cearc
43 d fhichead cat 's a tr
d fhichead cearc 's a tr
73 tr fichead cat 's a tr deug
tr fichead cearc 's a tr deug
400 ceithir cheud cat
ceithir cheud cearc
  &c   &c 500 cig ceud cat
cig ceud cearc
50 d fhichead cat 's a deich
or
lethcheud cat
d fhichead cearc 's a deich
or
lethcheud cearc
80 ceithir fichead cat
ceithir fichead cearc
  &c
51 d fhichead cat 's a h-aon deug
or
lethcheud cat 's a h-aon
d fhichead cearc 's a h-aon deug
or
lethcheud cearc 's a h-aon
81 ceithir fichead cat 's a h-aon
ceithir fichead cearc 's a h-aon
1,000 mle cat
mle cearc
52 d fhichead cat 's a dh dheug
or
lethcheud cat 's a dh
d fhichead cearc 's a dh dheug
or
leth-cheud cearc 's a dh
82 ceithir fichead cat 's a dh
ceithir fichead cearc 's a dh
2,000 d mhle cat
d mhle cearc
53 d fhichead cat 's a tr deug
or
lethcheud cat 's a tr
d fhichead cearc 's a tr deug
or
leth-cheud cearc 's a tr
83 ceithir fichead cat 's a tr
ceithir fichead cearc 's a tr
3,000 tr mle cat
tr mle cearc
  &c   &c
&c
       
1,000,000 millean cat
millean cearc
       
2,000,000 d mhillean cat
d mhillean cearc
       
3,000,000 tr millean cat
tr millean cearc
       
&c

fichead, ceud, mle and millean are followed by the singular noun

b. Decimal :
30 trithead cat
trithead cearc
60 seasgad cat
seasgad cearc
90 naochad cat
naochad cearc
31 trithead 's a h-aon chat
trithead 's a h-aon chearc
61 seasgad 's a h-aon chat
seasgad 's a h-aon chearc
91 naochad 's a h-aon chat
naochad 's a h-aon chearc
32 trithead 's a dh chat
trithead 's a dh chirc
62 seasgad 's a dh chat
seasgad 's a dh chirc
92 naochad 's a dh chat
naochad 's a dh chirc
33 trithead 's a tr cait
trithead 's a tr cearcan
63 seasgad 's a tr cait
seasgad 's a tr cearcan
93 naochad 's a tr cait
naochad 's a tr cearcan
  &c   &c   &c
40 ceathrad cat
ceathrad cearc
70 seachdad cat
seachdad cearc
100 ceud cat
ceud cearc
41 ceathrad 's a h-aon chat
ceathrad 's a h-aon chearc
71 seachdad 's a h-aon chat
seachdad 's a h-aon chearc
200 d cheud cat
d cheud cearc
42 ceathrad 's a dh chat
ceathrad 's a dh chirc
72 seachdad 's a dh chat
seachdad 's a dh chirc
300 tr cheud cat
tr cheud cearc
43 ceathrad 's a tr cait
ceathrad 's a tr cearcan
73 seachdad 's a tr cait
seachdad 's a tr cearcan
400 ceithir cheud cat
ceithir cheud cearc
  &c   &c 500 cig ceud cat
cig ceud cearc
50 caogad cat
caogad cearc
80 ochdad cat
ochdad cearc
  &c
51 caogad 's a h-aon chat
caogad 's a h-aon chearc
81 ochdad 's a h-aon chat
ochdad 's a h-aon chearc
1,000 mle cat
mle cearc
52 caogad 's a dh chat
caogad 's a dh chirc
82 ochdad 's a dh chat
ochdad 's a dh chirc
2,000 d mhle cat
d mhle cearc
53 caogad 's a a tr cait
caogad 's a tr cearcan
83 ochdad 's a tr cait
ochdad 's a tr cearcan
3,000 tr mle cat
tr mle cearc
  &c   &c
&c
       
1,000,000 millean cat
millean cearc
       
2,000,000 d mhillean cat
d mhillean cearc
       
3,000,000 tr millean cat
tr millean cearc
       
&c

‡ trithead, ceathrad, caogad, seasgad, seachdad, ochdad and naochad are followed by the singular noun


Special Cardinal Numbers

There are some special cardinal numerals which may be used when talking only about people. They can stand on their own or be used with a noun. The noun is in the genitive plural :
Without Noun With Masculine Noun With Feminine Noun

aon neach, aonan, aonar - one, one person

not used not used
dithis - two, two people dithis bhalach - two boys dithis chaileag - two girls

triir - three, three people

triir bhalach - three boys

triir chaileag - three girls

ceathrar - four, four people

ceathrar bhalach - four boys

ceathrar chaileag - four girls

cignear - five, five people

cignear bhalach - five boys

cignear chaileag - five girls

sianar - six, six people

sianar bhalach - six boys

sianar chaileag - six girls

seachdnar - seven, seven people

seachdnar bhalach - seven boys

seachdnar chaileag - seven girls

ochdnar - eight, eight people

ochdnar bhalach - eight boys

ochdnar chaileag - eight girls

naoinear - nine, nine people naoinear bhalach - nine boys naoinear chaileag - nine girls
deichnear - ten, ten people deichnear bhalach - ten boys deichnear chaileag - ten girls

‡ aonar
is rarely used in this way but instead is found in combination with the augmented prepositions of ann as shown in :
Tha mi nam aonar - I am alone Tha sinn nar n-aonar - We are alone
Tha thu nad aonar - You are alone Tha sibh nur n-aonar - You are alone
Tha e na aonar - He is alone Tha iad nan aonar - They are alone
Tha i na h-aonar - She is alone

All augmented prepositions are shown in


NEW WORDS

Nouns
aonan (m) - one person ceathrar (m) - four people
cignear (m) - five people crileagan (m) - playgroup, crche

deichnear (m) - ten people

naoinear (m) -  nine people
ochdnar (m) - eight people seachdnar (m) - seven people
sianar (m) - six people sreath (m) - row, series
ubhal (m) - apple ugh (m) - egg
dithis (f) - two people basgaid (f) - basket
triir (f) - three people


EXERCISE 1 Translate into Gidhlig
Using the traditional system : (a) without a noun , and (b) brd (m) and clach (f) :

1. 35

2. 47 3. 53 4. 83

5. 92

6. 117

7. 1,220

8. 2,786


EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gidhlig
 Using the decimal system : (a) without a noun , and (b) taigh (m) and long (f)  :

1. 37

2. 41 3. 65 4. 72

5. 206

6. 352

7. 2,110

8. 5,450


EXERCISE 3 Translate into Gidhlig

1.There were three apples on the table

2.There were three men working in the park

3.They built six houses in a single (in the one) row

4.There are nine girls and eight boys in the playgroup

5.There are ten eggs in the basket

6.There were ten sailors in the boat

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 1a
1.cig deug air fhichead 2.d fhichead 's a seachd
3.d fhichead 's a tr deug 4.ceithir fichead  's a tr
5.ceithir fichead 's a dh deug 6.ceud 's a seachd deug
7.mle, d cheud is fichead 8.d mhle, seachd ceud, ceithir fichead 's a sia

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 1b
1a.cig bird dheug air fhichead
1b.cig clachan deug air fhichead
2a.d fhichead brd 's a seachd
2b.d fhichead clach 's a seachd
3a.d fhichead brd 's a tr deug
3b.d fhichead clach 's a tr deug
4a.ceithir fichead is tr bird
4b.ceithir fichead is tr clachan
5a.ceithir fichead brd 's a dh dheug
5b.ceithir fichead clach 's a dh dheug
6a.ceud 's a seachd bird dheug
6b.ceud 's a seachd clachan deug
7a.mle, d cheud is fichead brd
7b.mle, d cheud is fichead clach
8a.d mhle, seachd ceud, ceithir fichead 's a sia bird
8b.d mhle, seachd ceud, ceithir fichead 's a sia clachan

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 2a
1.trithead ' s a seachd 2.ceathrad 's a h-aon
3.seasgad 's a cig 4.seachdad 's a dh
5.d cheud 's a sia 6.tr cheud, caogad 's a dh
7.d mhle, ceud 's a deich 8.cig mle, ceithir cheud is caogad

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 2b
1a.trithead ' s a seachd taighean
1b.trithead ' s a seachd longan
2a.ceathrad 's a h-aon taigh
2b.ceathrad 's a h-aon long
3a.seasgad 's a cig taighean
3b.seasgad 's a cig longan
4a.seachdad 's a dh thaigh
4b.seachdad 's a dh luing
5a.d cheud 's a sia taighean
5b.d cheud 's a sia longan
6a.tr cheud, caogad 's a dh thaigh
6b.tr cheud, caogad 's a dh luing
7a.d mhle, ceud 's a deich taighean
7b.d mhle, ceud 's a deich longan
8a.cig mle, ceithir cheud is caogad taigh
8b.cig mle, ceithir cheud is caogad long

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 3
1.Bha tr bhlan ann air a' bhrd 2.Bha triir fhear ann ag obair anns a' phirc
3.Thog iad na sia taighean anns an aon sreath 4.Tha naoinear chaileag is ochdnar bhalach anns a' chrileagan
5.Tha deich uighean anns a' bhasgaid ann 6.Bha deichnear sheladairean anns a' bhta ann

This lesson in PDF format

dmlelland - Faodar na leasanan seo ath-riochdachadh le aithneachadh dhan ghdar
dmlelland - These lessons may be reproduced with credit to the author