Cardinal Numbers 1 - 30

There are two distinct forms: 1) without a noun and 2) with a noun.

There are also two concurrent systems: a) traditional; based on units of twenty and b) decimal (preferred in education)

The numbers aon (one) to naoi deug (nineteen), both simple or compounded, are preceded by a (a h- before a vowel)

1. Without a noun

a. Traditional :
1

a h-aon

11 a h-aon deug 21 a h-aon air fhichead
2 a dh 12 a dh dheug 22 a dh air fhichead
3 a tr 13 a tr deug 23 a tr air fhichead
4 a ceithir 14 a ceithir deug 24 a ceithir air fhichead
5 a cig 15 a cig deug 25 a cig air fhichead
6

a sia

16 a sia deug 26 a sia air fhichead
7 a seachd 17 a seachd deug 27 a seachd air fhichead
8 a h-ochd 18 a h-ochd deug 28 a h-ochd air fhichead
9 a naoi 19 a naoi deug 29 a naoi air fhichead
10 a deich 20 fichead 30 a deich air fhichead

‡ d is always lenited to dh after a
deug always becomes dheug after dh

b. Decimal (These are the same as traditional forms for numbers 1 to 20) :
1

a h-aon

11 a h-aon deug 21 fichead 's a h-aon
2 a dh 12 a dh dheug 22 fichead 's a dh
3 a tr 13 a tr deug 23 fichead 's a tr
4 a ceithir 14 a ceithir deug 24 fichead 's a ceithir
5 a cig 15 a cig deug 25 fichead 's a cig
6

a sia

16 a sia deug 26 fichead 's a sia
7 a seachd 17 a seachd deug 27 fichead 's a seachd
8 a h-ochd 18 a h-ochd deug 28 fichead 's a h-ochd
9 a naoi 19 a naoi deug 29 fichead 's a naoi
10 a deich 20 fichead 30 trithead


2. With a noun
Examples are given for both masculine [cat,  pl. cait (m) - cat] and feminine [cearc, pl. cearcan (f) - hen] nouns

a. Traditional :
1 aon chat (m)
aon chearc (f)
11 aon chat dheug #
aon chearc dheug
21 aon chat fichead $
aon chearc fichead
2 d chat
d chirc
12 d chat dheug #
d chirc dheug
22 d chat fichead
d chirc fichead
3 tr cait
tr cearcan
13 tr cait dheug *
tr cearcan deug
23 tr cait fichead
tr cearcan fichead
4 ceithir cait
ceithir cearcan
14 ceithir cait dheug
ceithir cearcan deug
24 ceithir cait fichead
ceithir cearcan fichead
5 cig cait
cig cearcan
15 cig cait dheug
cig cearcan deug
25 cig cait fichead
cig cearcan fichead
6 sia cait
sia cearcan
16 sia cait dheug
sia cearcan deug
26 sia cait fichead
sia cearcan fichead
7 seachd cait
seachd cearcan
17 seachd cait dheug
seachd cearcan deug
27 seachd cait fichead
seachd cearcan fichead
8 ochd cait
ochd cearcan
18 ochd cait dheug
ochd cearcan deug
28 ochd cait fichead
ochd cearcan fichead
9 naoi cait
naoi cearcan
19 naoi cait dheug
naoi cearcan deug
29 naoi cait fichead
naoi cearcan fichead
10 deich cait
deich cearcan
20 fichead cat
fichead cearc
30 deich cait fichead
deich cearcan fichead

aon lenites all nouns except those beginning with d, t, and occasionally s
‡ d is followed by the dative singular noun and always lenites the noun. In both the spoken and written language there is a growing tendency to use just the lenited nominative noun
# deug is lenited in conjunction with aon and d. A notable exception is aon uair deug (eleven o' clock)
*
deug is lenited after a plural noun which has a final narrow vowel (i)
fichead is always followed by the singular nominative noun
$ air fhichead usually changes to simply fichead for numbers between twenty-one and thirty with a noun

b. Decimal (These are the same as traditional forms for numbers 1 to 20) :
1

aon chat
aon chearc

11 aon chat dheug
aon chearc dheug
21 fichead 's a h-aon chat
fichead 's a h-aon chearc
2 d chat
d chirc
12 d chat dheug
d chirc dheug
22 fichead 's a d chat
fichead 's a d chirc
3 tr cait
tr cearcan
13 tr cait dheug
tr cearcan deug
23 fichead 's a tr cait
fichead 's a tr cearcan
4 ceithir cait
ceithir cearcan
14 ceithir cait dheug
ceithir cearcan deug
24 fichead 's a ceithir cait
fichead 's a ceithir cearcan
5 cig cait
cig cearcan
15 cig cait dheug
cig cearcan deug
25 fichead 's a cig cait
fichead 's a cig cearcan
6

sia cait
sia cearcan

16 sia cait dheug
sia cearcan deug
26 fichead 's a sia cait
fichead 's a sia cearcan
7 seachd  cait
seachd cearcan
17 seachd cait dheug
seachd cearcan deug
27 fichead 's a seachd cait
fichead 's a seachd cearcan
8 ochd  cait
ochd cearcan
18 ochd cait dheug
ochd cearcan deug
28 fichead 's a h-ochd cait
fichead 's a h-ochd cearcan
9 naoi  cait
naoi cearcan
19 naoi cait dheug
naoi cearcan deug
29 fichead 's a naoi cait
fichead 's a naoi cearcan
10 deich cait
deich cearcan
20 fichead cat
fichead cearc
30 trithead cat
trithead cearc

† trithead is always followed by the singular nominative noun

Nouns of measure are usually only found in the singular. A few common ones are :
bliadhna - year
sgillinn - penny
mle - mile

The remaining cardinal numbers are reviewed in

NEW WORDS

Adverbs
a dh'aois - of age a-mhin - only

Nouns

buntta (m) - potato(es)

punnd (m) - pound weight

sporan (m) - sporran, purse, wallet

taigh-seinnse (m) - public house

tombaca (m) - tobacco

nnsa (m) - ounce

aois (f) - age

b (f) - cow

cluas (f) - ear

croch (f) - end

iomlaid (f) - change, exchange

mle (f) - mile
sgillinn (f) - penny

Prepositions
airson - for

Verbs

cunnt, cunntadh - count

cosg, cosg - cost, spend

faighnich, faighneachd (de) - ask, enquire (of)

dochuimhnich, dochuimhneachadh (air) - forget (about)

EXERCISE 1 Translate into English

1.Thuirt e gu bheil d thaigh aige

2.Bha tr duine fichead anns an taigh-sheinnse

3.Fhuair mi fichead nota mar dhuais

4.Chunnt sinn fichead semar anns an taigh-sta

5.Tha d chluais, d limh, agus d shil againn uile

6.Tha a tr is a tr a' danamh a sia

7.D na tha agad nad phcaid? Fichead sgillinn a-mhin

8.D na tha sin a' cosg? Ochd notaichean mas e do thoil e

9.Fuirich, na dochuimhnich d' iomlaid. Seo dhut d nota

10.Shaoil mi gun robh ochd nota fichead nam sporan

11.Tha mo bhrthair ceithir bliadhna a dh'aois

12.D an aois a tha do phiuthar? Ochd bliadhna fichead

EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gidhlig

1.How much money do you have? Five pounds twenty pence

2.Five plus five makes ten

3.We spent twenty seven pounds in that shop

4.I bought a new book for nine pounds fifteen pence

5.That man only has one eye

6.I asked him (dheth) how many children he had

7.He ate nearly (faisg air) twenty sweets before dinner

8.There are six plates and six cups in the cupboard

9.The end of this road is ten miles away

10.I want five pounds of potatoes and three ounce of tobacco please

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 1
1.He said he had two houses 2.There were twenty three an the hotel
3.I got twenty pounds as a prize 4.We counted twenty rooms in the hotel
5.We all have two ears, two hands, and two eyes 6.Three and three make six
7.How much do you have in your pocket? Only twenty pence 8.How much does that cost? Eight pounds please
9.Wait, don't forget your change. Here (for you) two pounds 10.I thought that there was twenty eight pounds in my purse
11.My brother is four years old (of age) 12.What age is your sister? Twenty eight (years)

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 2
1.D na tha agad de dh'airgead? Cig nota is fichead sgillinn 2.Tha a cig agus a cig a' danamh a deich
3.Chosg sinn seachd nota fichead anns a' bhth sin 4.Cheannaich mi leabhar r air naoi nota is cig sgillinn deug
5.Chan eil ach aon sil aig an fhear sin 6.Dh'fhaighnich mi dheth d na bha aige de chloinn
7.Dh'ith e faisg air fichead mlseag ron dnnear 8.Tha sia truinnsearan agus sia copannan ann anns a' phreas
9.Tha a' chroch den rathad seo deich mle air falbh 10.Tha mi ag iarraidh cig puinnd de bhuntta agus tr nnsachan de thombaca mas e ur toil e

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