The Conditional Tense - Irregular Verbs

The following four verbs which are irregular in the Past Tense are completely regular in the Conditional Tense. They are given here for completeness :
Verbal Noun Root Independent Dependent
breith - bearing /
catching / grasping
beir bheirinn /
bheireamaid /
bheireadh
beirinn /
beireamaid /
beireadh
cluinntinn - hear cluinn chluinninn /
chluinneamaid /
chluinneadh
cluinninn /
cluinneamaid /
cluinneadh
dčanamh - doing /
making
dčan

dhčanainn /
dhčanamaid /
dhčanadh

dčanainn /
dčanamaid /
dčanadh
ruigsinn - reaching /
arriving
ruig ruiginn /
ruigeamaid /
ruigeadh
ruiginn /
ruigeamaid /
ruigeadh

The following six verbs are irregular in the Conditional Tense. You might like to note that the regular conditional endings -inn / -ainn, -eamaid / -amaid and -eadh / -adh are added to the Future Tense dependent and independent forms to get the respective conditional ones.
Alternative marginalised forms exists for dol - going and toirt - taking :
Verbal Noun Root Independent Dependent
dol - going rach rachainn, dheighinn /
rachamaid, dheigheamaid /
rachadh, dheigheadh
rachainn, deighinn /
rachamaid, deigheamaid /
rachadh, deigheadh
faicinn - seeing faic chěthinn /
chětheamaid /
chětheadh
faicinn /
faiceamaid /
faiceadh
faighinn - getting  /
obtaining
faigh gheibhinn /
gheibheamaid /
gheibheadh
faighinn /
faigheamaid /
faigheadh
rŕdh - saying abair theirinn /
theireamaid /
theireadh
abairinn /
abaireamaid /
abaireadh
tighinn - coming thig thiginn /
thigeamaid /
thigeadh
tiginn /
tigeamaid /
tigeadh
toirt - taking /
giving (+ preposition do)
thoir bheirinn, thugainn /
bheireamaid, thugamaid /
bheireadh, thugadh
toirinn, tugainn /
toireamaid, tugamaid /
toireadh, tugadh

You would be better learning the first form which is more common and is regularly derived from the root rach. The alternative and irregular forms are derived from the root deigh and are confined to only a limited area.
In the Conditional Tense the regular verb Can is preferred, particularly in the spoken language.

As with the verb To Be add either Cha / Chan(before a vowel), An / Am or Nach to the dependent to get the negative and interrogative forms of the verb.

Example Uses (For compactness the form with the -amaid ending has been omitted in the audio file)
Dheighinn - I  would go
Dheigheamaid - We would go
Dheigheadh tu / etc - You / etc would go
Cha deighinn - I  would not go
Cha deigheamaid - We would not go
Cha deigheadh tu / etc - You / etc would not go
An deighinn? -  Would I go?
An deigheamaid? - Would we go?
An deigheadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc go?
Nach deighinn? - Would I not go?
Nach deigheamaid? - Would we not go?
Nach deigheadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc not go?
Chěthinn - I  would see
Chětheamaid - We would see
Chětheadh tu / etc - You / etc would see
Chan fhaicinn * - I  would not see
Chan fhaiceamaid - We would not see
Chan fhaiceadh tu / etc - You / etc would not see
Am faicinn? -  Would I see?
Am faiceamaid? - Would we see?
Am faiceadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc see?
Nach fhaicinn? - Would I not see?
Nach fhaiceamaid? - Would we not see?
Nach fhaiceadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc not see?
 
Gheibhinn - I  would get
Gheibheamaid - We would get
Gheibheadh tu / etc - You / etc would get
Chan fhaighinn - I  would not get
Chan fhaigheamaid - We would not get
Chan fhaigheadh tu / etc - You / etc would not get
Am faighinn? -  Would I get?
Am faigheamaid? - Would we get?
Am faigheadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc get?
Nach fhaighinn? - Would I not get?
Nach fhaigheamaid? - Would we not get?
Nach fhaigheadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc not get?
 
Theirinn - I  would say
Theireamaid - We would say
Theireadh tu / etc - You / etc would say
Chan abairinn - I  would not say
Chan abaireamaid - We would not say
Chan abaireadh tu / etc - You / etc would not say
An abairinn? -  Would I say?
An abaireamaid? - Would we say?
An abaireadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc say?
Nach abairinn? - Would I not say?
Nach abaireamaid? - Would we not say?
Nach abaireadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc not say?
 
Thiginn - I  would come
Thigeamaid - We would come
Thigeadh tu / etc - You / etc would come
Cha tiginn - I  would not come
Cha tigeamaid - We would not come
Cha tigeadh tu / etc - You / etc would not come
An tiginn? -  Would I come?
An tigeamaid? - Would we come?
An tigeadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc come?
Nach tiginn? - Would I not come?
Nach tigeamaid? - Would we not come?
Nach tigeadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc not come?
 
Bheirinn - I  would take
Bheireamaid - We would take
Bheireadh tu / etc - You / etc would take
Cha toirinn - I  would not take
Cha toireamaid - We would not take
Cha toireadh tu / etc - You / etc would not take
An toirinn? -  Would I take?
An toireamaid? - Would we take?
An toireadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc take?
Nach toirinn? - Would I not take?
Nach toireamaid? - Would we not take?
Nach toireadh tu? / etc - Would you / etc not take?

* Whenever possible cha / chan will lenite the irregular verb, except for verbs beginning with d and t
The second person singular is always tu
nach lenites verbs beginning with f

With the Dependent Clause
Some examples are given below.
The pattern is the same as the verb To Be (see lessonbl.gif (1632 bytes)one.gif (974 bytes)five.gif (1001 bytes)) :
Thuirt i gum faigheadh i briosgaid - She said that she would get a biscuit
Thuirt i nach fhaigheadh e briosgaid - She said that he would not get a biscuit
Shaoil esan gun tigeadh e a-mŕireach - He thought that he would come tomorrow
Chreid mi nach tigeadh e - I believed that he would not come

The Relative Verb

Some examples are given below.
The pattern is the same as the Present Tense of the verb To Be (see lessonbl.gif (1632 bytes)two.gif (1009 bytes)one.gif (974 bytes)) :
Is mise a chětheadh an solas agus is tusa nach fhaiceadh - It's me who could (would) see and you who could not
Is i Mŕiri a thigeadh mura robh droch shěde ann - It's Mŕiri who would come unless there was bad weather

With Interrogative Pronouns

Some examples are given below.
The pattern is the same as the Present Tense of the verb To Be (see lessonbl.gif (1632 bytes)two.gif (1009 bytes)two.gif (1009 bytes)) :
Dč gheibhinn do mo mhŕthair? - What could (would) I get for my mother?
Cň bheireadh dhomh freagairt? - Who could (would) give me an answer?
Carson a theireadh tu a leithid de rud? - Why would you say such a thing?
Ciamar a dh'fhaighinn lethbhreac? - How could (would) I get a copy?
Cuin a chětheadh tu a-rithist e? - When would you see him again?
Cŕit am faighinn lethbhreac? - Where could (would) I get a copy?

With Conjunctions

Some examples are given below.
The pattern is the same as the Present Tense of the verb To Be (see lessonbl.gif (1632 bytes)two.gif (1009 bytes)three.gif (1008 bytes)) :
Thigeadh e nan tigeadh sibh - He would come if you would
Cha bhiodh i toilichte mura faigheamaid dhachaigh - She wouldn't be happy if we couldn't (wouldn't) get home
Cha dhčanainn sin mus faigheadh tu-fhčin cothrom - I wouldn't do that before you got (would get) a chance

NEW WORDS

Nouns
cothrom (m) - chance, opportunity eilean (m) - island
geata (m) - gate lethbhreac (m) - copy
caraid (m) - friend
uiseag (f) - skylark

EXERCISE 1 Translate into English
1.Thuirt e gun tigeadh e dhan chčilidh a-nochd 2.Tha mi cinnteach gun dčanadh iad sin
3.Dh'innis mi dhaibh nach fhaiceadh iad a' choille
bhon uinneig aca
4.Cha robh fios agam na theirinn riutha
5.An toireadh sibh cobhair dhan fhear sin? Bheireadh 6.Is mise a dhčanadh an děnnear
7.Thuirt iad gun ruigeadh iad am baile ann an ůine ghoirid 8.Bha i an dňchas gum faigheadh i airgead bho a caraid
9.Thuirt mi gun cluinninn iad a' cluich a-muigh 10.Thuirt iad nach rachadh iad a-mach ann am bŕta

EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gŕidhlig
1.She wouldn't come with me to the concert 2.I know that they wouldn't do such a thing
3.I am sure I would catch them before they would reach the gate 4.It's in the country that you would hear the skylark singing
5.When would you do the job? 6.They would reach the island before morning
7.Someone said that she would not get her money back 8.I wouldn't give you a penny for (airson) a car like that
9.Why would you not go with me? 10.Would you say that he was handsome?

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 1
1.He said he would come to the ceilidh tonight 2.I'm sure they would do that
3.I told them they wouldn't see the forest from their window 4.I didn't know what I would say to them
5.Would you give (some) help to that man? Yes 6.It's me who would make dinner
7.They said they would reach the town in a short while 8.She was hoping that she would get (some) money from her friend
9.I said that I could (would) hear them playing outside 10.They said that they wouldn't go out in a boat

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 2
1.Cha tigeadh i leam dhan chuirm-chiůil 2.Tha fios agam nach dčanadh iad a leithid de rud
3.Tha mi cinnteach gum beirinn orra mus ruigeadh iad an geata 4.'S ann air an důthaich a chluinneadh sibh uiseag a' seinn
5.Cuin a dhčanadh tu an obair? 6.Ruigeadh iad an t-eilean ron mhadainn
7.Thuirt duine nach fhaigheadh i a h-airgead air ais 8.Cha toirinn dhut sgillinn airson cŕr mar sin
9.Carson nach rachadh sibh leam/cňmhla rium? 10.An abaireadh tu gun robh e eireachdail?

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