Prepositional Pronouns

You have already met the prepositional pronouns of the preposition aig in lessonbl.gif (1632 bytes)one.gif (974 bytes)two.gif (1009 bytes). All the other simple prepositions similarly have their own prepositional pronouns.

But first those of aig - at are given again :
agam - at me againn - at us
agad - at you agaibh - at you
aige - at him aca - at them
aice - at her

The prepositional pronouns of ann - in :
annam - in me annainn - in us
annad - in you annaibh - in you
ann - in him annta - in them
innte - in her

The prepositional pronouns of air - on :
orm - on me oirnn - on us
ort - on you oirbh - on you
air - on him orra - on them
oirre - on her

The prepositional pronouns of bho / o - from :
(bh)uam - from me (bh)uainn - from us
(bh)uat - from you (bh)uaibh - from you
(bh)uaithe - from him (bh)uapa - from them
(bh)uaipe - from her

The prepositional pronouns of de - of / off :
dhom - of me dhinn - of us
dhot - of you dhibh - of you
dheth - of him dhiubh - of them
dhith - of her

The prepositional pronouns of do - to / for :
dhomh - to me dhuinn - to us
dhut - to you dhuibh - to you
dha/dh - to him dhaibh - to them
dh - to her

The prepositional pronouns of le - with / by :
leam - with me leinn - with us
leat - with you leibh - with you
leis - with him leotha/le - with them
leatha - with her

The prepositional pronouns of mu - about :
umam - about me umainn - about us
umad - about you umaibh - about you
uime - about him umpa - about them
uimpe - about her

The prepositional pronouns of ri - to / against :
rium - to me rinn - to us
riut - to you ribh - to you
ris - to him riutha - to them
rithe - to her

These are used in a conventional manner where a pronoun would naturally follow a preposition :
Tha e ag rdh rium - He is saying to me
Thoir dhomh do lmh - Give to me your hand
Cuiribh oirbh ur n-ad - Put on (on you) your hat
Thoir am bainne bhuaithe - Take the milk from him

They are also used in a rich variety of idiomatic phrases. E.g. emotions, conditions, illnesses use air :
Tha (an t-)eagal orm - I am afraid
The e a' cur eagal orra - He is frightening them
Tha fearg ort - You are angry
Tha sin a' cur fearg oirre - That is angering her
Tha iongnadh air - He is amazed
Cuir iongnadh air - Amaze him
Tha mi elach air - I know him / I am acquainted with him
Tha an cnatan oirre - She has a cold
Tha an dideadh air - He has toothache
Tha an t-acras orm - I am hungry
Tha am pathadh oirnn - We are thirsty

An overview of all the prepositional pronouns can be found in appendix.gif (2755 bytes)


elach - acquainted sa chaidh - last (previous)

acras (m) - hunger cnatan (m) - cold (illness)
dideadh (m) - toothache eagal (m) - fear
iongnadh (m) - wonderment pathadh (m) - thirst
briogais (f) - trousers clann (f) - children, clan
seachdain (f) -week taibhse (f) - ghost

Verbal phrases
cuir eagal orm / ort &c - frighten me / you &c
cuir fearg orm / ort &c - anger me/you &c
cuir iongnadh orm / ort &c - surprise me / you &c

EXERCISE 1 Translate into English
1.Bha an cnatan orm an t-seachdain sa chaidh 2.A bheil sibh gl elach air an fhear sin? Tha
3.Tha e ag rdh gu bheil am pathadh mr air 4.Bha fios aca nach biodh iad a' dol dhan chilidh
5.Na cuir eagal orra a-rithist. 6.Cuiribh oirbh ur briogais is ur seacaid
7.Tha mi a' smaointinn gu bheil an dideadh ort 8.Tha eagal mr oirre gum biodh taibhse anns an taigh r aca
9.A bheil thu ga thoirt dhaibh? Tha 10.Cha robh iad a' bruidhinn rithe

EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gidhlig
1.I am very hungry just now, are you? 2.I didn't know (that) you knew my brother
3.They say (that) they know that there is a ghost in that church 4.Don't frighten the children
5.She thinks that you will be surprised 6.I know they will be building a new church over there
7.I was surprised to see that she was so young 8.They were angry to hear that he was hitting her
9.He knows that you don't understand him 10.I'm afraid that I don't have (any) money

1.I had a (the) cold last week 2.Are you acquainted with that man? Yes
3.He says that he is very thirsty 4.They knew that they they would not be going to the ceilidh
5.Don't frighten them again 6.Put on your trousers and your jacket
7.I think you have (the) toothache 8.She is very frightened there would be a ghost in their new house
9.Are you giving it to them? Yes 10.They weren't speaking to her

1.Tha an t-acras mr orm an-drsta. a bheil ort? 2.Cha robh fios agam gun robh thu elach air mo bhrthair
3.Tha iad ag rdh gu bheil fios aca gu bheil taibhse anns an eaglais sin 4.Na cuir eagal air a' chloinn
5.Tha i a' smaointinn gum bi iongnadh ort 6.Tha fios agam gum bi iad a' togail eaglais r thall an sin
7.Bha iongnadh orm a dh'fhaicinn gun robh i cho g 8.Bha fearg orra a chluinntinn gun robh e ga bualadh
9.Tha fios aige nach eil thu ga thuigsinn 10.Tha eagal orm nach eil airgead agam

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