Reported Speech (The Dependent Clause) - The Verb TO BE

In English this can be expressed in two ways :
He says that he is cold or omitting the conjunction He says he is cold

In Gidhlig there is only the one way. This must include the equivalent of the conjunction that, which in positive statements is the particle gun / gum (although gu before bheil). This is followed by the dependent form of the verb :
Tha e ag rdh gu bheil e fuar - He says that he is cold

Similarly in the negative, English can omit the conjunction :
He says that he is not cold or He says he is not cold

Again Gidhlig must include the equivalent of the conjunction which in negative statements is the particle nach. This is followed by the dependent form of the verb :
Tha e ag rdh nach eil e fuar - He says that he is not cold

The pattern for all other tenses is the same as the present and can be summarised as :
gun / gum + dependent form of verb for positive clauses
nach + dependent form of verb for negative clauses

In the Past Tense of the verb To Be this gives :
Tha e ag rdh gun robh e ag obair - He says that he was working
Tha e ag rdh nach robh e ag obair - He says that he was not working

In the Future Tense of the verb To Be this gives :
Tha e ag rdh gum bi e a' dol - He says that he will be going
Tha e ag rdh nach bi e a' dol - He says that he will not be going

In the Conditional Tense of the verb To Be this gives :
Tha e ag rdh gum biodh e fuar - He says that he would be cold
Tha e ag rdh nach biodh e fuar - He says that he would not be cold

Henceforth the subordinate clause described above for reported speech will be called The Dependent Clause.

NEW WORDS

Adjectives
ciontach - guilty dleas - loyal, faithful
grianach - sunny uile - all

Nouns
port (m) - port, dock
eucoir (f) - crime stoirm (f) - storm

Verbs
abair, rdh (ri) - say, tell (to) creid, creidsinn - believe
smaoinich, smaointinn / smaoineachadh (air) - think (about)

EXERCISE 1 - Introduce each of the following with Tha e ag rdh
1.Tha e a' fuireach ann an Struighle 2.Cha bhi iad ag obair a-mireach
3.Bhiodh i ag iasgach air an loch feasgar 4.Chan eil e a' dol dhan chladach
5.Cha robh duine aig a' chilidh a-raoir

EXERCISE 2 - Introduce each of the following with Tha mi a'creidsinn
1.Bidh stoirm ann a-nochd 2.Tha e ag obair aig a' phort
3.Cha robh iad aig an sgoil an-diugh 4.Bha na balaich uile ciontach den eucoir

EXERCISE 3 - Introduce each of the following with Tha sinn a' smaointinn
1.Tha i gl bhidheach 2.Bidh sinn a' fuireach ine bheag fhathast
3.Bha iad cerr 4.Cha bhiodh e dleas anns an obair sin
5.Bidh e gu math grianach feasgar a-mireach

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 1
1.Tha e ag rdh gu bheil e a' fuireach ann an Struighle 2.Tha e ag rdh nach bi iad ag obair a-mireach
3.Tha e ag rdh gum biodh i ag iasgach air an loch feasgar 4.Tha e ag rdh nach eil e a' dol dhan chladach
5.Tha e ag rdh nach robh duine aig a' chilidh a-raoir

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 2
1.Tha mi a' creidsinn gum bi stoirm ann a-nochd 2.Tha mi a' creidsinn gu bheil e ag obair aig a' phort
3.Tha mi a' creidsinn nach robh iad aig an sgoil an-diugh 4.Tha mi a' creidsinn gun robh na balaich uile ciontach den eucoir

ANSWERS - EXERCISE 3
1.Tha sinn a' smaointinn gu bheil i gl bhidheach 2.Tha sinn a' smaointinn gum bi sinn a' fuireach ine bheag fhathast
3.Tha sinn a' smaointinn gun robh iad cerr 4.Tha sinn a' smaointinn nach biodh e dleas anns an obair sin
5.Tha sinn a' smaointinn gum bi e gu math grianach feasgar a-mireach

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