More Adverbs

The simplest way to form an adverb is by placing the word gu before an adjective :
luath - quick Bha e a' ruith gu luath - He was running quickly
math - good A bheil thu gu math? - Are you well?
slaodach - slow Bha iad a' coiseachd gu slaodach - They were walking slowly

But many adverbs are not derived from adjectives :
Bidh mi aig an sgoil a-mireach - I will be at school tomorrow
Bha e a' dol dhachaigh - He was going home(ward)

Adverbs are best placed into distinct categories
Adverbs of Manner :
mar seo - thus, so Bidh e ag obair mar seo - It works like this
slaodach - slow Bha iad a' coiseachd gu slaodach - They were walking slowly

Adverbs of  Place :
an siud - yonder Tha i a' fuireach an siud - She lives over there

Adverbs of Time
:
an-drsta - just now Tha i a' dol dhan bhth an-drsta - She is going to the shop just now

The word for - true can precede adjectives in the same way as cho, gl and ro (see lessonbl.gif (1632 bytes)two.gif (1009 bytes)) and except for cho they all lenite the adjective whenever possible :
for - true Tha e ag obair for mhath - He is working extremely well
cho - so Chan eil e a' danamh cho math - He is not doing so well
gl - very Tha mi gl mhath - I am very well
ro - too, excessively Bha i ag obair ro chruaidh - She was working too hard
cho - so Bha iad a' ruith cho slaodach - They were running so slowly

NEW WORDS

Adjectives
cruaidh - hard deanadach - diligent, industrious, hard-working
for - true luath - fast, quick
slaodach - slow uile - all

Adverbs
air fad - altogether, wholly, entirely air leth - separately
gu dearbh - indeed gu lir - entirely
gu ler - enough idir - at all
chile - one another, together
mar seo - like this, thus mar sin - like that, thus
ma-t, ma-th - then dhachaigh - home(ward)
sos - down(wards) shos - down (in position)
a-nos - up (from below) a-nuas - down (from above)
suas - up(wards) shuas - up(in position)
an seo - here an sin - there
an siud - yonder thall - over there
an siud 's an seo - here and there thall 's a-bhos - here and there
a-steach - in (motion) a-staigh - inside
a-mach - out (motion) a-muigh - outside
a dh'aithghearr - soon a-mireach - tomorrow
am-bliadhna - this year an-drsta - just now
an-d - yesterday a-nis - now
a-nochd - tonight a-raoir - last night
an-uiridh - last year a-rithist - again
chaoidh / a-chaoidh - ever (future tense) cheana - already
daonnan - always fhathast - still, yet
gu brth - forever mar th - already
riamh / a-riamh - ever (past & perfect tenses) roimhe - before, previously

EXERCISE 1 Translate into English
1.Tha e daonnan aig an sgoil, ach chan eil e ag obair gu math 2.Cha robh mi a-riamh toilichte ag obair aig muir
3.Bha e shuas anns an leabaidh 4.Gidhlig gu brth
5.Anns a' mhadainn an-diugh bha iad anns a' phirc 6.Bha mi anns a' bhaile an-d. A-mireach bidh mi a' dol dhan eaglais
7.Tha mi a' dol dhachaigh a-nis 8.Bidh sinn aig an taigh a-nochd
9.A bheil sibh fhathast sgth? Tha gu dearbh 10.Nach eil iad daonnan trang?
11.An-uiridh bha sinn ann an Inbhir Nis, am-bliadhna bidh sinn ann am Portrgh. 12.Nach eil Miri agus Calum a' bruidhinn ri chile?
13.A bheil i a' fuireach cmhla ri Seumas? Chan eil idir, tha iad a' fuireach air leth 14.Am bi thu a' dol sos an t-srid? Bidh an drsta

EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gidhlig
1.Were you ever in Glasgow? Yes 2.You will never work in this town
3.They are working together well enough 4.I stay here, Mrag stays there, and Niall stays over yonder
5.I am going out to a ceilidh. Are you? No, I'm staying in 6.We were working there before
7.There was a man working over there yesterday 8.He will be running over the moor tomorrow
9.They were all together here yesterday 10.Are you going fishing (to fish) then? No I was fishing this morning already
11.The girl was playing outside on the street 12.Were you out running last night? Yes
13.He was walking home from the ceilidh 14.She was forever eating

ANSWERS EXERCISE 1
1.He is always at (the) school, but he is not working well 2.I was never happy working at sea
3.He was up in (the) bed 4.Gidhlig for ever
5.This morning they were in the park 6.I was in (the) town yesterday. Tomorrow I will be going to (the) church
7.I am going home now 8.We will be home (at the house) tonight
9.Are you still tired? Yes indeed 10.Are they not always busy?
11.Last year we were in Inverness, this year we will be in Portree 12.Are Miri and Calum not speaking to one another?
13.Does she stay with Seumas? Not at all, they stay apart 14.Will you be going down the street? Yes just now

ANSWERS EXERCISE 2
1.An robh thu a-riamh ann an Glaschu? Bha 2.Cha bhi thu ag obair a chaoidh anns a' bhaile seo
3.Tha iad ag obair cmhla math gu ler 4.Tha mi a' fuireach an seo, tha Mrag a' fuireach an sin, agus tha Niall a' fuireach an siud thall
5.Tha mi a' dol gu cilidh. A bheil thusa? Chan eil, Tha mi a' fuireach a-staigh 6.Bha sinn ag obair an sin roimhe
7.Bha fear ag obair thall an sin an-d 8.Bidh e a' ruith thairis air a' mhonadh a-mireach
9.Bha iad uile cmhla an seo an-d 10.A bheil thu a' dol a dh'iasgach ma-t? Chan eil, bha mi ag iasgach madainn an-diugh cheana
11.Bha an nighean a' cluich a-muigh air an t-srid 12.An robh thu a-muigh a' ruith a-raoir. Bha
13.Bha e a' coiseachd dhachaigh bhon chilidh 14.Bha i a-riamh ag ithe

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