Vowel Sounds

Short Vowels

  Long Vowels
  Gidhlig
Samples
Nearest English Imitation     Gidhlig
Samples
Nearest English Imitation
a fad
ball, bann
lagh
adhbhar
sabhal
balla †
bat
cow
burn
burn
saw
father
  a bn
far

e dheth
teth
baile †
set
rate
father
  e d
fath
fame
shed
i sir
tinn, till
feet
king
  i sn me
o bog
orra
tonn, toll, tom
bowl
modest
cow
  o r
b
fawn
bold
u guth full   u r poor

these are indistinct obscure vowels as found in English
short vowels are nasalised before terminal nn, ll & m
‡   bh, gh and dh alter preceding short vowel sound

Diphthongs

Based on Short Vowels Based on Long Vowels
  Gidhlig
Samples
Nearest English Imitation   Gidhlig
Samples
Nearest English Imitation
ai tais
tairbh
-aidh (terminal)
bat
hit
see
ai filte
dimh
far
eye
      ao daor burn but longer, like French fleur
ea * lean, beatha
** dealt, eala
ceann, geall
set
yak
yowl (ok so its not a real word)
ea cerr yard
ei deich rate ei cile fame
eo deoch yonder eo elas yawl
eu feur
ceum
seer
fame
     
ia ciall seer      
io ciont
io
mlan
yucca
sit
io for seer
iu diugh yule iu il you
oi cois
cloimh
modest
boy
oi tisich
climh
fawn
cloister
ua fuar fluent      
ui sluig
tuinn, tuill
full
suing
ui dil poor
diphthong i has this value only immediately before consonant groups dh, mh & gh
predominant pronunciation
** this sound (yak) is dominant or becoming so in nearly all other cases including where it precedes the consonant l
*
this sound (set) is only found preceding a single consonant (or its lenited equivalent)
short vowels are nasalised before terminal nn & ll


Consonants

Broad Consonants
A
, O, & U have similar influences on consonants.


Further Gidhlig Samples indicate where the non-initial consonant is different
 

 

Slender Consonants
Two Gidhlig Samples are given where E & I have distinct influences on preceding consonants.
Further Gidhlig Samples indicate where the non-initial consonant is different

  Gidhlig
Samples
Nearest English Imitation     Gidhlig
Samples
Nearest English Imitation
b bn
obair
bar
top
  b be
bith
beauty
bee
bh bhn
sabhal
van
saw
  bh bhe
bhith
view
via
c cat
bac
cot
loch+k sound
  c ce
cr
taic
kew
key
like German
Ich+k
ch chat loch as spoken by a Scot   ch che
chr
like German Ich
chd bochd loch+k        
d d
sad
door
softer
d but no real equivalent
  d derrs
dth
jew
jig
dh dh

adh
bhar
guttural g but no real equivalent
silent but affects preceding vowel
  dh † dheth yes
f fn fan   f ferr
fon
few
feel
fh fhn silent   fh fhon silent except in fhin, fhathast and fhuair
g gon
sgar, rag
got
scar, rack
  g gerr
g
in
sgeul, gig
ague
g
ive
scale, tick
gh ghon guttural g but no equivalent   gh † ghin yes
l ‡ l close to ball   l ‡ lon lure
ll toll weak l preceded by a nasal ow but no real equivalent   ll till million
m mr mop   m meall
mn
mew
meal
mh mhr
samhradh
vole
how
  mh mheall
mhn
view
veal
n ‡ na close to nap   n ‡ nigh new
nn tonn weak n preceded by a nasal ow but no real equivalent   nn tinn pinion
ng trang longitude        
p pos pan   p peann pew
ph phos fan   ph pheann few
r ‡ rag trilled r but no
real equivalent
  r ‡ ris soft r but no real equivalent
s son so   s sn she
sh shon hoe   sh sheall hew
t tum toe   t tr chew
th thum hoe  

th

thr hew

medial and terminal dh and gh preceded by a slender vowel can be regarded as silent
‡ l, n & r are not lenited in writing although they are subtle changes in their pronunciation in lenited positions in spoken Gidhlig
bh, dh, gh & mh very often lose their consonant qualities when preceded
by an unaccented a or o

dmlelland - Faodar an liosta seo ath-riochdachadh le aithneachadh dhan ghdar
dmlelland - This list may be reproduced with credit to the author