Parsing The Past Tense Of The Assertive Verb

The Assertive Verb is used to bring an element to the beginning of a sentence for emphasis

The terms subject and object used in the following examples are based of the English sense

A. The Past Tense (With pronoun subject and definite object)
    Bu ‡   mhise †
tusa
esan
ise
an dotair
  Cha bu ‡
  ?Am
  ?Nach sinne
sibhse
iadsan
na dotairean
Thuirt e gum
nach
mise is lenited to mhise after Bu
Bu is shortened to B'  before a vowel

B. The Past Tense (With pronoun subject and indefinite object). High register form and very rarely heard in the spoken language
    Bu †   dotair mi
thu
e
i
  Cha bu †
  ?Am
  ?Nach dotairean sinn
sibh
iad
Thuirt e gum
nach
Bu will lenite a following word beginning with b, f, m, p, c, or g

C. The Past Tense (With pronoun subject and indefinite object). Preferred spoken form to B
    B' e †   dotair a bha annam
annad
ann
innte
  Cha b' e †
  ?Am
  ?Nach dotairean a bha annainn
annaibh
annta
Thuirt e gum
nach
The Present Tense 'S e is frequently used in the spoken language. The sense coming from the subordinate clause's verb and tense

D. The Past Tense (With noun subject and definite noun object)
    B' e Calum
Mòrag †
a' chaileag †
am balach
an dotair
  Cha b' e
  ?Am
  ?Nach
Thuirt e gum
nach
i may be used in place of e for feminine subjects

E. The Past Tense (With noun subject and indefinite noun object).
    B' e † dotair a bha ann am Mòrag
ann an Calum
anns a' chaileig
anns a' bhalach
  Cha b' e †
  ?Am
  ?Nach
Thuirt e gum
nach
The Present Tense is frequently used in the spoken language. The sense coming from the subordinate clause's verb and tense

F. The Past Tense (Indefinite noun subject and object) High register form and very rarely heard in the spoken language. E is the preferred spoken form
    Bu † iasg bradan
  Cha bu †
  ?Am
  ?Nach
Thuirt e gum
nach
Bu is shortened to B' before a vowel and will lenite a following word beginning with b, f, m, p, c, or g

G. The Past Tense (Definite noun subject and adjective) High register form becoming less common in the spoken language
    Bu † mhòr † am bradan
  Cha bu †
  ?Am
  ?Nach
Thuirt e gum
nach
Bu is shortened to B' before a vowel and will lenite a following word beginning with b, f, m, p, c, or g

H. The Past Tense (Definite noun subject and adjective). Preferred spoken form to G
    B' † ann mòr a bha am bradan
  Cha b' †
  ?Am
  ?Nach
Thuirt e gum
nach
The Present Tense is frequently used in the spoken language. The sense coming from the subordinate clause's verb and tense

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