1. Some Simple Adverbs

The adjective uabhasach - terrible / awful is often used to convey the meaning very when used with another adjective :
Tha e uabhasach mr - He is awfully big Tha e uabhasach fliuch - It is terribly wet

Similarly the words  gl - very and ro - too are used with adjectives to emphasise qualities. The two words gl and ro lenite* the following adjective whenever possible :
Tha iad gl mhr - They are very big Tha e ro fhuar - It is too cold

* As you can see lenition means the introduction of a letter h after the first letter of the adjective. This always results in a slight change in sound at the beginning of the adjective.

However, words beginning with l, n, r, sg, sp, st or a vowel cannot be lenited in their spelling. L, n and r are affected, but only in their pronunciation.

Another useful little word is cho - so. It is used like gl and ro, but luckily you do not have to worry about leniting the next word :
Tha thu cho snog - You are so nice


rd - tall, high uabhasach - terrible, awful, very

cho - so gl - very
ro - too, excessively

ach - but agus - and

EXERCISE 1 Translate into English
1.Tha am fear gl thrang 2.Tha an l gl fhliuch
3.Nach eil am fear rd? 4.A bheil i ro fhuar?
5.A bheil thu uabhasach sgth? 6.Tha e ro bheag
7.Tha sin uabhasach 8.Tha mi fuar agus fliuch

EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gidhlig
1.I am so cold 2.The man is very lazy
3.Isn't she awful? 4.We are too tired
5.They're not very wet 6.He isn't too pleased
7.She isn't wet but she is cold 8.They're not so nice

2. Past Tense of the Verb TO BE

The independent form is Bha, the dependent form is Robh. Like the present tense these are used to provide the four distinct forms of the past tense of the verb To Be:
Bha for positive statements:
Bha e fuar - It was cold
Cha robh for negative statements:
Cha robh e fuar - It was not cold
An robh? for asking a question (interrogative):
An robh e fuar? - Was it cold?
Nach robh? for a negative question (negative interrogative):
Nach robh e fuar? - Wasn't it cold?

Saying Yes and No
Gidhlig has no single word for yes or no. The positive or negative forms of the verb need to be used in responding to a question.

In the present tense:
A bheil thu fliuch? - Are you wet? Chan eil - No Tha - Yes
Nach eil iad rd - Aren't they tall? Chan eil - No Tha - Yes

In the past tense:
An robh sibh trang? - Were you busy? Cha robh - No Bha - Yes
Nach robh i leisg? - Wasn't she lazy? Cha robh - No Bha - Yes

EXERCISE 3 Translate into English
1.Bha iad gl thoilichte 2.Cha robh i ro shnog
3.An robh iad sgth? Cha robh 4.A bheil i tioram? Tha
5.Nach robh am fear leisg? 6.Bha iad trang agus toilichte
7.Bha an l fliuch ach blth 8.An robh thu blth? Bha
9.Nach eil iad snog? Chan eil

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EXERCISE 4 Translate into Gidhlig
1.The man wasn't tired 2.Aren't you warm? No
3.Wasn't she very wet? Yes 4.Am I not nice? Yes
5.She wasn't busy, she is lazy 6.He was too tall
7.We were very pleased 8.The day wasn't so warm
9.They weren't terribly pleased, were they? No

1.The man is very busy 2.The day is very wet
3.Isn't the man tall? 4.Is it/she too cold?
5.Are you terribly tired? 6.It/he is too small
7.That's awful 8.I am cold and wet

1.Tha mi cho fuar 2.Tha am fear gl leisg
3.Nach eil i uabhasach? 4.Tha sinn ro sgth
5.Chan eil iad gl fhliuch 6.Chan eil e cho toilichte
7.Chan eil i fliuch, ach tha i fuar 8.Chan eil iad cho snog

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1.They were very pleased 2.She wasn't too nice
3.Were they tired? No 4.Is it/she dry? Yes
5.Wasn't the man lazy? 6.They were busy and content
7.The day was wet but warm 8.Were you warm? Yes
9.Aren't they nice? No

1.Cha robh am fear sgth 2.Nach eil thu/sibh blth? Chan eil
3.Nach robh i gl fhliuch? Bha 4.Nach eil mi snog? Tha
5.Cha robh i trang, tha i leisg 6.Bha e ro rd
7.Bha sinn gl thoilichte 8.Cha robh an l cho blth
9.Cha robh iad uabhasach toilichte, an robh? Cha robh

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dmlelland - Faodar na leasanan seo ath-riochdachadh le aithneachadh dhan ghdar
dmlelland - These lessons may be reproduced with credit to the author